gpolit.com
gpolit.com April 21, 2018


Limit Alcohol to Just One Drink a Day, New Study Says

15 April 2018, 05:16 | Darrell Baldwin

Drinking alcohol linked to lower life expectancy

Drinking alcohol linked to lower life expectancy

"The paper estimates a 40-year-old drinking four units a day above the guidelines [the equivalent of drinking three glasses of wine in a night] has roughly two years' lower life expectancy, which is around a 20th of their remaining life".

And they warned that people who drink more than 18 drinks a week could lose four to five years of their lives.

"An important message from this study is that optimal life expectancy is associated with a relatively low level of alcohol consumption - less than 100 grams per week - and that higher levels of consumption increase mortality risk", Professor Yeap said.

The research combined results from 83 studies conducted in 19 countries, tracking almost 600,000 people who drank alcohol. The researchers estimated that reducing long-term drinking from the two-drink a day limit suggested by the U.S. government, to less than one a day, was associated with a one- to two-year boost in life expectancy in men.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Heart Association, both say men can safely drink twice a day as much as women. This amount corresponds to 3.4 litres of beer with 4% or six glasses of wine.

The authors note that the different relationships between alcohol intake and various types of cardiovascular disease can be explained, at least in part, by the effect of alcohol consumption on elevated blood pressure and on factors related to lipoprotein cholesterol.

A spokesman for the Portman Group, the social responsibility body for alcohol producers in the United Kingdom, said: "Official statistics show that the vast majority (76%) chose not to drink or drink within guidelines, which are among the lowest in Europe".

"The drinking levels recommended in this study will no doubt be described as implausible and impracticable by the alcohol industry and other opponents of public health warnings on alcohol", they wrote in a commentary.

The new meta-analysis (a study of studies) included 600,000 drinkers from 83 studies performed in 19 countries.

A new research conducted by the University of Cambridge, partly funded by the British Heart Foundation reveals that regular drinking of alcohol could shorten our life. Spain, Portugal and Italy, the study states, have recommended limits almost 50% higher than the 100-gram threshold.

The findings appeared in The Lancet medical journal.

In fact, an global study by the Lancet medical journal found that drinking alcohol multiple times a week may shorten your lifespan.

"The study focused on current drinkers to reduce the risk of bias caused by those who abstain from alcohol due to poor health". They stress that the lower risk of non-fatal heart attack must be considered in the context of the increased risk of several other serious and often fatal cardiovascular diseases.

"We should always remember that alcohol guidelines should act as a limit, not a target and try to drink well below this threshold". On average, each unit of alcohol consumed over the 100g threshold, slices about 15 minutes off a person´s life - about the same as a cigarette, David Spiegelhalter, a professor in the "understanding of risk" at the University of Cambridge said in a comment on the report.



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